FMD Vaccine Bank/Premise ID Importance

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Vaccine Bank Funding Request
Why it is important and how we need to be prepared in Illinois today


What's the Background?

The ability to rapidly vaccinate livestock against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is central to the U.S. control strategy should an outbreak occur. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service currently manages a vaccine bank at Plum Island, N.Y., where vaccine antigen concentrate for a limited number of FMD strains is stored. If an outbreak occurred, the antigen would have to be shipped overseas to be turned into finished vaccine and shipped back to the United States. The turn-around time from the onset of an outbreak until finished vaccine is delivered to the field would be weeks for a small event and months for the number of doses needed to control a large outbreak.


Why is it important?

FMD presents a critical risk to the U.S. livestock industry: An outbreak of the foreign animal disease would cripple the entire agricultural sector, immediately shutting U.S. export markets, and have long-lasting ramifications to the economic viability of U.S. livestock production. Cumulative losses for the entire ag sector over a 10-year period will reach nearly $200 billion.

What is the Ask?

The National Pork Producers Council is urging the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to: 1) Contract for an offshore FMD vaccine bank that would provide vaccine antigen concentrate for all FMD strains currently circulating in the world; 2) Contract for production capacity that would produce the 10 million vaccine doses needed for the early stage of an outbreak; 3) Contract for the surge capacity to produce an additional 40 million doses.

Congress will also need to authorize annual funding of $150 million for this request in the 2018 Farm Bill.

How can we get better prepared in Illinois today?

Voluntary premise ID registration with the Illinois Department of Agriculture is the first step. In case of an outbreak, the Illinois Department of Agriculture currently administers a secure and private database of locations where livestock are produced, raised and kept, that can be used to aid animal health officials in case of an animal disease outbreak. The system with proper trace back and trace forward capabilities provides timely response to minimize the economic impact to the livestock industry.

Is your Premise ID Information Updated?

Even though you may already have a premise ID for your farm, keep in mind that the information is only effective if it is up-to-date.

To register a premise ID or make any address changes, transfer of ownership, or updates to the species currently associated with your existing premise ID you can easily and at no cost download the Registration Form that can be accessed by visiting the Illinois Department of Agriculture’s and downloading the registration form HERE


For additional questions or concerns, contact the Bureau of Animal Health and Welfare at the Illinois Department of Agriculture at (217) 782-4944.